* In the text of an Entry denotes a cross-reference to another Entry in the Glossary


I place an asterisk before the Titles* of Organizations to differentiate them from the Titles of the Named Paths and Trails*. Within each geographical area of the Category EXPLORE Walks all over the UK, or after carrying out a Simple Search or otherwise producing a Listing of Entries, this device brings the Records* of Organizations to the top of the relevant A-Z sequence, to be followed by the Records of the individually named paths, trails and groups of paths, trails etc themselves.

# Organization

A 'hash' followed by a space before their Titles distinguishes Organizations which are responsible for describing significant numbers of walks in the Directory: See Walk described here by*. This device brings their Records* to the very top of a relevant A-Z sequence: cf *Organization above.

0-9 -- A -- B -- C -- D ...

This is the shaded horizontal bar located towards the top of each screen. Clicking on a character in the sequence provides an alphabetically ordered list of Category* headings followed by one of the Titles of the Named Paths and Trails* and related walks which have Records* in the Directory*. Records whose Titles* have the format *Organization or # Organization are not listed in this A-Z Index. So the 0-9 A B C D ... Index lists in sequence the Records of all the paths, trails, walks, ways etc and groups of such (so far) referenced in the Directory.

Advanced Search

Drop-down lists of all the Categories* (including those in the second 'Organizational' part of the classification), and of the Tags* I use. Note that the default setting is the equivalent of Boolean 'AND'. Also, that the Category you select will automatically include in the Search any Sub-Categories it has. So, as an example, the Field 'Distance (miles)' would allow you to search for walks more than/exactly/less than a specific mileage for a particular Category (if you keep the 'Return results' toggle at 'All'): e.g. You could look for Walks within the whole of 'London' which are less than 11 miles; or 'Canals and Rivers' Walks which are more than 25 miles. These and other search combinations seem to work well most of the time and will normally generate a set of All Listings* results (so e.g. when searching for a 'Category' you might need to click This Category* to get the exact information you were seeking if the Search Category you have used had one or more Sub-Categories). I would add that it can be worth clicking 'Reset' before using this facility - especially if you are not getting the results you expect ...

All Listings

When perusing a Category* within the 'EXPLORE ...' overall Category which has one or more Sub-Categories (and only in the 'EXPLORE' Section: this function does not exist elsewhere in the Categorization), clicking on 'All Listings' should display a collated A-Z list of all the Records assigned to the Sub-Category/ies as well as those assigned to the (parent) Category itself. There is a toggle which should change the A-Z 'Alphabetical' arrangement to one of 'Most Visited' (Website) or 'Popular' (Record) or 'Recently Added (Record)'. See also Filter listings*.

Area where walk starts

See District/Unitary Authority. The wording of the location I have used to indicate the Start of the Walk* within its defined Area (eg Leeds City Railway Station, Salisbury Cathedral) is searchable using Simple Search but is not otherwise tagged or mapped to an authority list of terms.


See Website*.


The subject classification scheme used has been specially designed for this Directory* - with all the caveats that such an attempt implies.  You may well not find a Record* of interest categorized where you expected it to be: the names of places large and small in the UK which we use on a day-to-day basis are not hierarchically arranged in a single neat and tidy fashion! (especially when - as here - there is an attempt to combine historic and current designations). Each Category Heading is searchable using Simple Search* with the Categories found listed ahead of any Listings found: try the 3-letter search string 'ing' as an exemplar. See also Locality/Organization*.

Circular or Linear?

This Tag should be available for most of the Walks I have referenced, with an alternative Tag 'Diverse' used where there is - or seems to be - a mixture of the two.


Uses data taken from the Gazetteer of British Place Names* (apart from for Northern Ireland). The Countries are: (All) England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales. The nine ('historic') English Regions are: East Midlands, Eastern, London, North East, North West, South East, South West, West Midlands, Yorkshire and the Humber.

As with Historic County*, I use these geographical elements in two ways: first, in the hierarchical categorization within the overall Category* 'EXPLORE Walks all over the UK'; second, as a tagged hyperlinked Field to index those walks and organizations whose activities span two or more historic counties. The latter Field is only used in such cases. If you want to generate a list of all Records categorized within a Country or Region including those categorized within all of its component Historic Counties* and Districts/Unitary Authorities*, use the All Listings* option within the Country or Region Category of interest.


See Historic County


The majority of Records* are assigned to a single Geographical Category*. However, where a walk (or an organization) straddles two or very occasionally more Geographical Categories,  I have cross-referenced the Record rather than allocated it to a Category higher up the hierarchy. But I have tried to avoid cluttering up the Directory with too many such cross-referenced entries. Note that if you generate the 'Full' version of a Record from a cross-referenced 'Brief' version, you will find that the 'Full' version is hierarchically placed within its 'primary' Geographical Category.

Meanwhile, cross-references of asterisked Records can usually be accessed via the Go to [New Window]* Field.

Description from

The organization (or sometimes person) responsible for the text I have used to describe the walk (or organization). Where several Records are referenced to the Website of a single organization (or person) - or I expect this to become the case, I have used instead an entry in the Field: Walks described here by*.


In addition to the mandatory Overview*, I have frequently copied and pasted some text from the relevant Website givng some further details about the relevant walk or organization. These 'Details' only appear in the 'Full' Record* and comprise information that you might find helpful, or simply that I found interesting ...


This is the core of Open Paths and Trails* and consists of a collection of Records*, each single Record giving details pertaining either to a single Organization, or to a named path, trail or related walk or way - or groups of such.

Directory Statistics

Calculated automatically by the software; displayed at the top of the left-hand corner of each screen.

Distance (miles)

Taken from the walk's Website (or failing that from another authoritative source), rounded up or down to the nearest mile.

District/Unitary Authority

The place where each Open Path & Trail* starts is normally located within its official District or Unitary Authority, using the Gazetteer of British Place Names*. (For Northern Ireland, which is not covered by the Gazetteer, I have generated something which I trust is at least roughly equivalent to District/Unitary Authority (and Historic County*), often using Wikipedia.) See the website of the Gazetteer for a description of their use of the two designations: each of the 50,000 or so places listed are located either within a 'District' or within a 'Unitary Authority' - and I have normally done the same.  The District/Unitary Authority Field is also used to index Organizations whose activities are (for the most part) wholly based therein. In both cases the text of the Field appears immediately underneath the Record Title*, in blue, as a hyperlink. If you click on this hyperlink you should list all the Records indexed with that tag. Via the breadcrumbs you can then track back to find a ranked list of the 'Areas' showing how many Records* have been tagged with each Area (so far).

You might note that for a small number of Unitary Authorities which cover relatively large areas (e.g. Northumberland), I have invented "Districts" so that the starts of the relevant walks (or the activities of the organizations) might be located a little more precisely (e.g. Berwick-Upon-Tweed) than they would otherwise. I have tried to choose names for these 'quasi-Districts' which have some historic resonance. Naturally, I will keep this practice under review as the Directory grows in size.

Also, where a 'current' District/Unitary Authority covers two or more 'historic' Counties (e.g. Highland, Powys), I have invented "Districts" whose names match the relevant Historic Counties (e.g. Berwickshire).

For the current Office for National Statistics hierarchy of areas relating to national and local government in the UK, see the PDF Local Authority Districts, Counties and Unitary Authorities, 2012 (NOTE that the PDF is a very large file ... )

See also Locality/Organization*.


The different parts of each Record*, whose titles are: Area where walk starts; Circular or Linear?; Country/Region; County (Historic); Description from; Details; Distance (miles); Go to [New Window]; Longer distance range; Navigate the Website; Overview; Record Created; See also; Title; Type of Walk; Type of Website; Views of this Record; Visits to the Website; Walk described here by; Website; Website URL Checked; Where walk starts. Fields which are empty are not displayed in the relevant Record in the Directory*. This Glossary has separate descriptions for each of these Fields.

Filter listings ...

This facility appears top left at the start of a set of Listings* if you click on All Listings*. You can then filter the Records* displayed underneath by one or a combination of the eight Tags* in use (and there is an implicit Boolean 'AND'.) Seems to work well most of the time - but using 'Reset' might help get better results. Note that the Filter will only search within the Records actually displayed in the current 'All Listings': so, for example, if you Filter using the Area where walk starts 'Hereford (City)' having generated an 'All Listings' for the South East Region, you should not be surprised to see the result 'No record found' !

Gazetteer of British Place Names

"The Gazetteer provides an exhaustive Place Name Index to Great Britain [but not NORTHERN IRELAND], containing 50,000 entries. It lists the historic county and the main administrative areas in which each place lies." An excellent facility.

SEE http://www.gazetteer.co.uk/

Go to [New Window]

A Link to the 'Organizational' part of the Classification wherein the (geographically-categorized) Record has been cross-referenced.

Historic County

I use the Historic Counties delineated in the online Gazetteer of British Place Names* in two ways. First, they are used in the 'Open Paths & Trails' Categorization within the Directory itself. You can peruse the full list of Counties by clicking on 'EXPLORE Walks all over the UK' at the top of the left hand green column on each screen - drilling down within 'England' and a small number of entries in 'Wales' and 'Scotland' as needs be. You should also be able to generate the full list of Historic Counties via the Breadcrumbs having clicked on any example of use of the 'Historic County' Tag.

Second, where a walk or the work of an organization is entirely (or more or less entirely) based within a Historic County,  I also index the walk/organization using the Tagged Field 'Historic County' (whose text will then be displayed as a blue hyperlink towards the foot of the Record). Most of the time, the Historic County 'Category' wherein the walk/organization Record is located will be identical to the Historic County 'Tagged Field'.

Apart from a few minor modifications here and there, I have made four significant changes to 'Historic County' usage in my Directory* compared to its usage in the Gazetteer. First, localities in the 32 Unitary Authority London Boroughs plus The City (City of London) have been placed in one of two additional "Counties", rather than being spread across Essex, Hertfordshire, Kent, Middlesex and Surrey: these are Inner London and Outer London. (I have used these two terms' entries in Wikipedia to remind myself which Boroughs are 'Inner' and which 'Outer'.) The two new 'Counties' now comprise the English Region 'London'. Wikipedia has also usually been used to delineate the jurisdiction of the six Historic Counties of Northern Ireland. (However, NOTE that there will be significant changes to Local Government structure in Northern Ireland in 2015, so expect further developments in the NI part of the 'EXPLORE' Section of the Categorization.)

Second, I have again used Wikipedia to divide up the Region Yorkshire and the Humber in the 'EXPLORE ... ' Categorization. The four Sub-Categories used are: East Riding of Yorkshire; North Yorkshire; South Yorkshire; West Yorkshire - and I allocate the Region's Local Authority Districts and Unitary Authorities amongst the four as Wikipedia have done (under the Section 'Local Government').

Third, where a 'current' District/Unitary Authority encompasses two or more 'historic' Counties, I have made the DA/UA a Historic County instead of a DA/UA (e.g. The Scottish Borders). This allows the Areas concerned to operate in the same manner as the rest of the 'EXPLORE' categorization.

And fourth, I have used a small number of 'metropolitan' headings in the 'EXPLORE' Section to bring together cognate Districts/Unitary Authorities: e.g. Greater Manchester, or to distinguish major conurbations: e.g. Bristol.

It is worth noting how often one finds historic county names still used by people and organizations concerned with 'walkers and walking'. And the Gazetteer website usefully summarizes the more general advantages of using Historic Counties as a geographical framework:

(i) They are fixed in name and area

(ii) They have provided the standard geographical framework of Britain for centuries ...

(iii) Their names and areas are still generally familiar to many people. Indeed, they are still commonly used by many as a basis for general-purpose geography.

(iv) They are still important cultural entities. Many people have a strong sense of loyalty to and identify with their county. Innumberable sporting, social and cultural activities are still based upon them.

(v) The names of all of the historic counties are now an acceptable part of Royal Mail postal addresses. (In contrast many modern local government area names are not acceptable since they clash with Post Town names).

How to Search

SEE 'How to Search' at the top of the screen.

Latest Records Added

SEE New!*

Listed in

Many of the Entries in the EXPLORE ... Categories are cross-referenced to Categories in the remainder of the classification (Particular Types of Walks in the UK, Paths & Trails in UK Local Government, Protected Areas in the UK, etc). Click the URL in this Field to move to the cross-referenced Category.


A word generally used to mean the alphabetically sorted text of a set of 'Brief' Records* generated by clcking on a Category* Heading or by carrying out a Search*.


Every Record is categorized first in its appropriate Locality within the Section 'EXPLORE Walks all over the UK': Local Authority District/Unitary Authority, Historic County, English Region, or UK Country.  For the Named Paths and Trails*, that is the only place you should find its Record - unless I have also indexed it in the Category Particular Types of Walks in the UK*. (A few Records are cross-referenced* to more than one Locality.)

For the Organizations, each of their Records will also be categorized within one of the Organization Categories: Local Government, Protected Areas, Tourism, and so on, as well as withing the relevant EXPLORE Category (/ies). A small number of Organizations do not have entries within the EXPLORE ... section (e.g. those within Walking Support).

Naturally, not all Local Authority Districts/Unitary Authorities map precisely into a single Historic County - especially of course where the jurisdiction of the current District or Authority is more extensive than (parts of) two or more underlying historic Counties. (Powys in Wales is a good example.) So I have had to do quite a bit of juggling around and shoehorning here and there with the hierarchical categorization.

Longer distance range

Walks longer than 10 miles have been allocated to one of the ranges: 11-25 | 26-50 | 51-100 | 101-200 | 201-400 | more than 400 miles. This is a tagged, hyperlinked Field.


The Directory* software links to an API Key from Google Maps UK: this produces a 'Marker' on the appropriate section of a map of the United Kingdom. For the individual Named Paths & Trails*, the Marker should show (roughly) where the Walk starts. For all other Records* which have a Map I have tried to choose a scale of Map that indicates the area with which the Record is concerned but placed within a wider context, which might be helpful for those not familiar with that part of the country. These Maps are not of course intended to be used in actual walking: the walk's Website* will more often than not provide a detailed map of its route - frequently one of considerable sophistication and interactivity, able to be downloaded, used with a GPS, etc. etc.

Named Paths and Trails

Includes not just individually named paths, trails etc but also groups of walks around a particular location or theme. The name used in the Title* is usually that which appears on the relevant Website (but almost always ignoring any prefixed 'The' (or 'A') and only given in English), unless it seemed more helpful to modify it. These Titles appear in the A -- B -- C -- D etc sequence.

Navigate the Website

In this Field* you will often find the hyperlink route to be followed from the website page generated by the URL I have given in the Record* to the website page where you should find information about the walk(s) or organization(s) with which the Record is specifically concerned. Naturally, I have tried to choose a URL which will show a degree of persistence - particularly for the Organizations, many of whose Website structures seem especially prone to frequent change. But also, pages higher up the Website hierarchy will often link to pages of walk-related interest other than the one I have specifically referenced.


The Organization Titles* of Records* newly added to the Directory* in the previous 14 days have this annotation. A list of the 100 most recently added Records can be retrieved by clicking '>>> 100 Recent Additions' at the foot of the left-hand column 'Latest Records Added'. The Titles appear roughly in reverse chronological order (i.e. the latest added first) with the very latest 25 reproduced within that column.

Open Paths & Trails

The word 'Open' should indicate that the named path or trail or related walk is freely available for all to use: it is the equivalent of a right of way.


Brief description of the walk or organization with which the Record* is concerned.

Particular Types of Walks in the UK

Records are cross-referenced to the various Categories* in this section if that seems appropriate. The current list of Categories needs quite some further development to be of real use: to be reviewed as and when ...


Click on the word 'Print' at the foot of the 'Brief' Record* or the 'Full' Record just above the Map* (if there is one).  As well as enabling you to print the 'Full' Record (but not its Map, if present), you will be able to see at a glance the complete content of each of its Fields.


Click on the word 'Recommend' at the foot of either the 'Brief' or the 'Full' Record*. You should then be able to send an e-mail which will give the recipient a URL enabling him/her to link to that same 'live' Record within Open Paths and Trails.


The collection of Fields of data captured for each Walk or Organization in the Directory*. After clicking a Category* Heading or carrying out a Search* the system displays a set of 'Brief' Records, sorted and displayed alphanumerically by Title*. Clicking the Title of a 'Brief' Record displays its 'Full' Record.

Record Created

Each of the twenty-five Latest Records Added (bottom of left-hand column of each screen) has the date of its addition to the Directory*.  Thereafter, this date is in effect replaced in each 'Full' Record by the date when its URL was last checked*.

See also

Links to other Websites containing information of relevance to that in the Record*.

Search ...

A list of the Fields* in each Record* matched by text placed in the SEARCH ... Box is given in the Guide 'How to Search'. The text of Category Headings is also matched - and any matched Categories are listed first followed by the text of any matched Records displayed in their 'Brief' format.  Each search statement must in total be at least 3 and not more than 20 characters. Search strings separated by a space will all need to match at least one of the Fields in a retrieved Record: thus there is an implicit Boolean 'AND'. Such a Simple Search does not distinguish the Field(s) it is matching - which from time to time can generate some initiially puzzling results, particularly where a search string has matched characters in the middle of a word ! But - at least for the time being - this simple search facility seems good enough (and cf Advanced Search*).

Tag Cloud

This is found at the foot of each page of retrieved Record Listings, and consists of the Entries for the Field* Walks described here by*, arranged in order of popularity. That is, the Organizations which have the highest number of referenced Records* are listed first. Click on a Tag to retrieve 'Brief' versions of the Records indexed with that Tag.


These are the eight Fields which are 'tagged' (and hyperlinked): Area where walk starts; Circular or Linear?; Country/Region; County (Historic); Longer distance range; Type of Walk; Type of Website; Walks described here by. Each Tag has a separate Entry in this Glossary, and they can be used in Advanced Search* and Filter listings ...*. To generate for any Tag its order of popularity (so far): click on any example of use of that Tag; then, via the Breadcrumbs at the top of the page, click on the name of the Tag. (If you then click on 'Search By' in the Breadcrumbs, you will be provided with a list of all the eight Tags.)

This Category

The functions 'This Category' and 'All Listings'* are only applicable in the 'EXPLORE ...' section of the overall Categorization - the former being the default when you click on a Category Heading to display its list of Records. You can then toggle between the two displays as you wish.


Records of Walks and groups of Walks have as their Title the heading whcih appears on the relevant Website, unless it seemed helpful to modify it. Titles of Organizations are distinguished from the Walks by having an asterisk prefix. Where branches or subsections of an Organization are given separate entries in the Directory, the norm is for me to reproduce the Title of the parent Organization and after a dash ( - ) give the name of the Branch etc.

Type of Walk

This (tagged, hyperlinked) Field* is intended to be of use when using the Filter Listings ...* function or Advanced Search. The headings used broadly match those used in the 'Particular Types of Walks in the UK' Category.

Type of Website

This (tagged, hyperlinked) Field* is intended to be of use when using the Filter Listings ...* function or Advanced Search. The headings used broadly match those used in the 'Organization' section of the Categorization*.

Views of this Record

Subject to some constraints, aims to add one to the counter each time a user views a 'Full' Record: either by clicking through from the relevant 'Brief' Record (however, the counter seems not to be added to if one views the contents of the 'Full' Record via the Print* screen); or directly - for example after a Search Engine search or because one has been sent an e-mail Recommend* by a friend or colleague.

Visits to the Website

Subject to some constraints, aims to add one to the counter each time there is a Visit to the external Website* cited at the top of the Record* underneath its Title* (either from the 'Brief' or from the 'Full' Record, or from the 'Print' screen).

Walk described here by

Organizations which are responsible for describing a significant number of walks in my Directory are given a separate Record*. In these cases, if you click on the hyperlinked name in the special Field* Walk Described By you will generate a listing of all the Records in my Directory whose descriptions have been provided by that Organization. You can track back on the breadcrumbs to generate a ranked list of the Organizations, showing which so far have been most highly cited. Or a separate listing of all such major Organizations can be retrieved from the left-hand column by clicking the Category Heading at the foot of the classification outline (above 'Latest Records Added').


The URL given in each 'Brief' and 'Full' Record* should link you directly to details of the 'Walk' or 'Organization' described therein - unless it has seemed prudent to reference a page higher up the website hierarchy: see Navigate Website*. You can also link to the external Website by clicking 'Array' in the Brief Record or 'Visit' in the Full Record.

Website URL checked

Should be the latest date when I used the given URL successfully to link to the cited Website*. (I try always to do this check 'offline' to avoid artificially inflating the Visits to Website* statistic.)

Where walk starts

I have not tried to standardize the description here: I have usually just taken text from the details given on the walk Website I am referencing to give you an idea of the sort of place the walk is starting from. Of course, in any case, for many linear walks one is frequently encouraged to start from either end; or for circular walks at various points along the route; and so on. For the websites which describe several different walks maybe starting from two or more different places, I have often used the phrase 'Around and About' to cover the various starting places.


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